THE All India Harijan Sevak Sangh is an independent national level non-profit voluntary Organisation with Branches in 26 States.
Historic background : It was founded in September, 1932 in the wake of Gandhijis Epic Fast at Yervada Jail, Pune, resulting in the historic Poona Pact. The immediate historical background dates back to the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1931 when Ghandiji opposed the segregation of the depressed classes (untouchables) of the Hindu community into a separate electoral group. Gandhiji saw in it a sinister device of the British government to create a split in the Hindu community in furtherance of its policy of divide and rule.
Despite Gandhijis strong opposition, the British government made a Communal Award in August, 1932 providing for separate electorate for the depressed classes. The then British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald rejected Gandhijis appeal for reconsideration of the decision